Floor coverings

Decorative Flake

decorative color chip flakes are designed for use in a variety of decorative applications, including seamless, resinous flooring systems and multi-colored wall systems. Color chips are produced from pigments, resin, filler, and additives, are through-colored, random in shape, and available in a wide array of colors to provide unique texture and color to coated surfaces. They closely resemble thin vinyl and there is no color bleed when they become wet.

Vinyl / Vinyl Tiles

Modern vinyl floor tile is frequently chosen for high-traffic areas because of its low cost, durability, and ease of maintenance. Vinyl tiles have high resilience to abrasion and impact damage and can be repeatedly refinished with chemical strippers and mechanical buffing equipment. If properly installed, tiles can be easily removed and replaced when damaged. Tiles are available in a variety of colors from several major flooring manufacturers. Some manufacturers have created vinyl tiles that very closely resemble wood, stone, terrazzo, and concrete and literally hundreds of varying patterns.

Carpet / Carpet tiles

A carpet is a textile floor covering consisting of an upper layer of pile attached to a backing. The pile is generally either made from wool or a man made fibre such as polypropylene, nylon or polyester and usually consists of twisted tufts which are often heat-treated to maintain their structure.


Wood flooring is any product manufactured from timber that is designed for use as flooring, either structural or aesthetic. Wood is a common choice as a flooring material due to its environmental profile, durability, and restorability.

Surface preparation

Shot blasting

shot blasting is done so the resin or screed product can be properly bonded to the substrate below. Good floor preparation is the key to a successful screed or coating. This machine will strip off large areas in a short time frame before applying coatings and screeds. There is no dust and so the machine can be used in food production and pharmaceutical areas. The floor preparation process is as follows: The shot blasting machine directs steel shot at the floor as it travels along. The steel shot abrades the floor and removes a layer of concrete. The steel shot and the debris are sucked up back into the machine and are separated with an electro magnet. The dust and debris is vacuum sucked down a long hose to a dust collector and the steel shot is sent back down to the firing wheel for re-use. The inside of the machine is all at negative pressure so there is no leak of shot or dust. The amount, dispersion and speed of steel shot firing can all be controlled so the amount of abrasion can be changed. Hard floors may need more abrasion than soft floors. Heavily coated floors may want a larger steel shot than a plain concrete floor. The machine is self-propelled and this can also be altered.

Diamond Grinding

Diamond grinding is a pavement preservation technique that corrects a variety of surface imperfections on both concrete and asphalt pavements.

Most often utilized on concrete pavement, diamond grinding is typically performed in conjunction with other concrete pavement preservation (CPP) techniques such as road slab stabilization, full- and partial-depth repair, dowel bar retrofit, cross stitching longitudinal cracks or joints and joint and crack resealing.

Diamond grinding restores rideability by removing surface irregularities caused during construction or through repeated traffic loading over time.

The immediate effect of diamond grinding is a significant improvement in the smoothness of a pavement. Another important effect of diamond grinding is the considerable increase in surface macrotexture and consequent improvement in skid resistance, noise reduction and safety.


Scabbling�also called scappling�is the process of reducing stone or concrete.

In masonry, it refers to shaping a stone to a rough square by use of an axe or hammer.

In Kent, rag-stone masons call this "knobbling". It was similarly used to shape grindstones.

In modern construction, scabbling is a mechanical process of removing a thin layer of concrete from a structure, typically achieved by compressed air powered machines.

A typical scabbling machine uses several heads, each with several carbide or steel tips that peck at the concrete.

It operates by pounding a number of tipped rods down onto the concrete surface in rapid succession.

It takes several passes with the machine to achieve the desired depth.

Scabbling is used to remove road markings, surface contamination (used in the nuclear industry), to add a decorative or textured pattern to concrete, or to prepare a concrete surface prior to the installation of grout.

Moisture control

Epoxy moisture control systems are chemical barriers that are used to prevent moisture damage to flooring. Excessive moisture vapor emissions in concrete slabs can mean significant, expensive damage to a flooring installation.

Hundreds of millions of dollars are spent annually just in the United States to correct moisture-related problems in flooring.

These problems include failure of the flooring adhesive; damage to the floor covering itself, such as blistering; the formation of efflorescence salts; and the growth of mold and mildew.

Damp proof Membranes

resin membrane that is tolerant of residual moisture in concrete floors.

This enables earlier access onto the floor for the application of screeds, coatings and other floor coverings including tiles, vinyl, wood and carpets.

It has good chemical resistance to mild chemical attack but is designed to be over-coated with other resin finishes.

Resin Coatings

Epoxy is the cured end product of epoxy resins, as well as a colloquial name for the epoxide functional group. Epoxy is also a common name for a type of strong adhesive used for sticking things together and covering surfaces, typically two resins that need to be mixed together before use. It can also be used as a solver due to its high melting and boiling points.

Screeding / levelling

Hand trowel latex screed

Latex Floor Levelling Compound is a flexible, rapid setting sub-floor levelling compound suitable for underfloor heating. The product is flexible and rapid setting Easy to mix and apply, just add water as per the guidelines Suitable for concrete, sand/cement screed, and rigid timber floors such as plywood or block board Sets in 2-3 hours depending on thickness and temperature Ready for floor topping such as carpet or wood flooring in 16 hours

Pump screed

Pump screed has many obvious benefits compared to traditional sand and cement products. Being substantially quicker to lay, far less labour intensive and ideal for use with underfloor heating, the use of flowing screed has become widely accepted throughout the building industry.

Sand and cement screed

Traditional floor screed basically consists of sand & cement mixed at a ratio of between 3 to 5 parts sand & 1 part cement. In the majority of cases 4 to 1 is quite sufficient. In the past reinforement was achieved by using Hex wire (chicken wire) or D49 mesh. In the early 90�s Polypropylene Fibres (PPF) started to become very popular, and today PPF is the most common used reinforcement for traditional floor screed. Traditional screed drying times vary according to the weather conditions, depth and manufacturers admixtures used.